GAME- royal revolt 2
Q1.Which wind movement causes aircrafts to enter a downward motion?
A1. A wake turbulence causes air crafts to enter a downward motion.
Q2.What causes lightning?
A2.Heavier, negatively charged particles sink to the bottom of the cloud. When the positive and negative charges grow
large enough, a giant spark - lightning - occurs between the two charges within the cloud. This is like a static
electricity sparks you see, but much bigger.
Q3.The Richter scale, developed in the 1930s, is a base-10 logarithmic scale. What is the max value on a Richter scale?
A3. there is no theoretical upper limit to the Richter magnitude scale, but obviously, in practice, the scale is
limited both by the Earth's ability to release energy and by its ability to remain in one piece. The Earth could
only generate earthquakes beyond a certain level. After that, an asteroid collision could go higher, but eventually
the Earth would simply explode.but The biggest quake in recorded history was the 9.5 quake that struck Chile in 1960.
Q4.What is a cloudburst and how is it different from rain?
A4.A cloudburst is an extreme amount of precipitation in a short period of time,sometimes accompanied by hail and thunder,
that is capable of creating flood conditions. A cloudburst can suddenly dump large amounts of water e.g. 25 mm
of precipitation corresponds to 25000 metric tons/km2 (1 inch corresponds to 72,300 short tons over one square mile).
However, cloudbursts are infrequent as they occur only via orographic lift or occasionally when a warm air
parcel mixes with cooler air, resulting in sudden condensation. At times, a large amount of runoff from higher
elevations is mistakenly conflated with a cloudburst. The term "cloudburst" arose from the notion that clouds
were akin to water balloons and could burst, resulting in rapid precipitation. Though this idea has since been
disproven, the term remains in use.
A cloudburst is different from rain only in the amount of water that pours down on the earth. if rainfall of about
10 cm or above per hour is recorded over a place that is roughly 10 km x 10 km in area, it is classified as a
Q5.When does a leap year occur?
A5.Nearly every four years is a leap year which has 366 days, as opposed to a common year, which has 365 in
the Gregorian Calendar.
February 29 is a date that usually occurs every four years, and is called leap day. This day is added to the calendar
in leap years as a corrective measure, because the Earth does not orbit the sun in precisely 365 days.
It takes the Earth approximately 365.242189 days or 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 45 seconds to
circle once around the Sun.
Q6.From the photo given above, ascertain the name and describe what's happening in short. Amazing pic, isn't it!
A6.A dirty thunderstorm (also volcanic lightning, thunder volcano) is a weather phenomenon that is related to the
production of lightning in a volcanic plume.
A study in the journal Science indicated that electrical charges are generated when rock fragments,
ash, and ice particles in a volcanic plume collide and produce static charges, just as ice particles
collide in regular thunderstorms.
Volcanic eruptions are sometimes accompanied by flashes of lightning. However, this lightning doesn’t
descend from storm clouds in the sky. It is generated within the ash cloud spewing from the volcano,
in a process called charge separation.
Q7. What is the cause of winds?
A7.Wind is caused by air flowing from high pressure to low pressure. Since the Earth is rotating, however,
the air does not flow directly from high to low pressure, but it is deflected to the right
(in the Northern Hemisphere; to the left in the Southern Hemisphere), so that the wind flows mostly around
the high and low pressure areas.
Q8.Even though Sun’s light is white, why does it appear to be yellowish when viewed from Earth?
A8.Our atmosphere scatters shorter to bigger wavelengths color fromsunlight when the white light travels through it.
During day, it scatters violet and blue colors leaving yellowish sunlight
(the reason why sky is blue and sunlight is yellow) But when higher in the sky the Sun looks white.
Q9.Is the Earth’s magnetic north pole and geological north pole at the same location, if not state why it isn’t the same.
A9.the Earth’s magnetic north pole and geological north pole isn't at the same location.
Geographic north and south poles are determined by the earth's spin. They are the locations
n earth through which the axis of the earth's spin passes. Magnetic north is determined by the
direction a compass points. Magnetic variance, or declination, is the difference between geographic
north and magnetic north.Geographic north pole: The Earth rotates on the geographic north and south poles.
The geographic north and south poles are where lines of longitude (meridians) converge in the north.
The south and north poleare directly opposite to one another.
The North Pole is located in the middle of the Arctic Ocean. Scientists have tried marking the North pole.
Because the water here is permanently covered with moving sea ice, it’s practically impossible to construct
any type of permanent station at the true North Pole.
The Magnetic North Pole: (also known as the North Dip Pole) is a point on Ellesmere Island in Northern Canada
where the northern lines of attraction enter the Earth.
Q10.Earth is Prolate Spheroid in shape. Yes or No?
A spheroid has circular symmetry. Because of the combined effects of gravity and rotation, the Earth's shapeis
not quite a sphere but instead is slightly flattened in the direction of its axis of rotation. For that reason,
in cartography the Earth is often approximated by an oblate spheroidinstead of a sphere.