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Trivia n°11: Phenomenons on Earth

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Olympus Rising 

IGN = Aatif1 

 

1. Which wind movement causes aircrafts to enter a downward motion?
Clear air turbulence 
 

2. What causes lightning?
Lightning is caused in thunderstorm when liquid and ice particles above the freezing level collide, and build up large electrical fields in the clouds. Once these electric fields become large enough, a giant "spark" occurs between them (or between them and the ground) like static electricity, reducing the charge separation. 
 

3. The Richter scale, developed in the 1930s, is a base-10 logarithmic scale. What is the max value on a Richter scale?
It is open ended but capped at 10.
 

4. What is a cloudburst and how is it different from rain?
A cloudburst is an extreme amount of precipitation in a short period of time, sometimes accompanied by hail and thunder, that is capable of creating flood conditions. A cloudburst can suddenly dump large amounts of water. The term "cloudburst" arose from the notion that clouds were akin to water balloons and could burst, resulting in rapid precipitation.
 

5.  When does a leap year occur?
A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year containing one additional day (or, in the 
case of lunisolar calendars, a month) added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical or seasonal year occurs every 4 years.

6. From the photo given above, ascertain the name and describe what's happening in short. 😉 Amazing pic, isn't it!
6. It shows a volcanic eruption with lightning happening at the same time. It is caused by charge-inducing collisions in volcanic dust.
 

7. What is the cause of winds?
Wind is caused by differences in the atmospheric pressure. When a difference in atmospheric pressure exists, air moves from the higher to the lower pressure area, resulting in winds of various speeds. 
 

8. Even though Sun’s light is white, why does it appear to be yellowish when viewed from Earth?
The real color of the sun is white. The reason that the Sun looks yellow to us is because the Earth’s atmosphere scatters away light in the blue, indigo and violet wavelength region, while higher wavelength colors, like red, orange and yellow are less easily scattered. These remaining wavelengths are what we see, which is why the Sun appears yellow.
 

9. Is the Earth’s magnetic north pole and geological north pole at the same location, if not state why it isn’t the same.
Nope, they are not in the same location. The magnetic poles actually move around! Swirling motions of molten metal in Earth's outer core make our planet's magnetic field. Those swirling motions are changing all the time. That means the magnetic field is changing, so the magnetic poles move!
  

10. Earth is Prolate Spheroid in shape. Yes or No?
No. The earth's shape is oblate spheroid.

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1. Crosswind

2 ::Lightning is the light that suddenly appears in the heart of the sky on days when the weather is bad. It is the light that comes from a collision of two clouds, one carrying a negative electric charge and the other carrying a positive electrical charge, resulting in the collision. A strong spark is issued on the light that we suddenly see and then disappear.
3.  1000

4.
As nouns the difference between rainand cloudburst

is that rain is condensed water falling from a cloud while cloudburst is a sudden heavy rainstorm. 

5.
The leap year is the number of days 366 days, knowing that the number of days 365 days, but because the earth takes around the sun 365 days and a quarter today it was decided to collect these quarters and added in the fourth year to fit the calendar with t

6. The name is 

Volcanic lightning  
There is no precise scientific explanation for this rare phenomenon, but the logical explanation for this phenomenon is the result of positively charged particles that the volcano sends into the air and when it reaches areas charged with a negative charge, the electric discharge begins in the form of lightning and lightning to offset the charges in the air

7.Wind is caused by air flowing from high pressure to low pressure. Since the Earth is rotating, however, the air does not flow directly from high to low pressure, but it is deflected to the right (in the Northern Hemisphere; to the left in the Southern Hemisphere), so that the wind flows mostly around the high and low pressure areas. 
8.The sun is really white. The reason that the sun may look yellow to us from the surface of the earth during sunset and sunrise is that the sun's rays are scattered in the atmosphere before reaching our eyes precisely. The atmosphere removes short wavelengths (blue and violet). If you reduce these two colors of the visible spectrum, The sun is more yellow

9. The magnetic pole is constantly changing
10. Yes

Ign: klues

Game: Olympus rising

Thank you

Edited by Marcl3
Forget to write my ign

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Royal Revolt 2

IGN: Leeroy-Jenkins

1) A microburst is causing this.

2) Lightning is produced in thunderstorms when liquid and ice particles above the freezing level collide, and build up large electrical fields in the clouds. Once these electric fields become large enough, a giant "spark" occurs between them (or between them and the ground) like static electricity, reducing the charge separation. The lightning spark can occur between clouds, between the cloud and air, or between the cloud and ground.

3) There is no upper limit, though level 13 is capable of extinction of life on earth and level 15 can extinct the earth itself.

4) A cloudburst is different from rain only by the amount of water that pours down on the earth. Usually rainfall rate equal to or greater than 100 mm/ hour is called a cloudburst.

5) if year is not divisible by 4 then it is a common year
   else if year is not divisible by 100 then it is a leap year
   else if year is not divisible by 400 then it is a common year
   else it is a leap year

6) The phenomenon is called a dirty thunderstorm. Also volcanic lightning or thunder volcano. It is a weather phenomenon that is related to the production of lightning in a volcanic plume. This happens when electrical charges are generated when rock fragments, ash, and ice particles in a volcanic plume collide and produce static charges, just as ice particles collide in regular thunderstorms.

7) Wind is caused by air flowing from high pressure to low pressure. Since the Earth is rotating, however, the air does not flow directly from high to low pressure, but it is deflected to the right in the Northern Hemisphere; to the left in the Southern Hemisphere, so that the wind flows mostly around the high and low pressure areas.

8) Two reasons: First - The Sun's surface temperature is 5,500º and produces a range of visible light in which yellow is the most plentiful, but only slightly more than other colors it produces. If the Sun were cooler, say 2,500º, it would look red or if the Sun were hotter, say 15,000 º, it would look blue. Second - The Earth's atmosphere acts as a kind of light filter. Some colors are filtered more than others. The Sun is a yellow star, but the Earth's atmosphere makes the Sun look more yellow than it appears than if you were to observe it from space.

9) It's not. The North Magnetic Pole moves over time due to magnetic changes in the Earth's core.

10) No. Earth is an Oblate Spheroid.

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IGN:- Wizjiss

Alliance:- Titan revenge 

Game name :- olympus rising

1) Clear air turbulence will cause a downward movement.

2)Lightning is caused by an electric potential difference (a voltage) being created between one cloud and another, or between a cloud and the ground. A charge of electrons builds up on the higher cloud while a lack of electrons occurs on the lower part. Spark occurs between clouds like static electricity,reducing the charge separation.

3) Due to the amount of energy that can stored in the earth's crust 9.5 was the the assumed max value, which is why the scale has been capped at the value of 10.

4) Cloud bust is an extreme amount of precipitation in  short amount of time, sometimes accompanied by hail and  thunderstorm capable of creating a flood. Rain is condensed water falling from a cloud where as cloudburst is sudden heavy rainstorm.

5) Leap year happens every 4 years. every leap year has 366 days instead of 365

6)  Seems like a  Volcanic eruption and lightning at the same time. One theory the scientists believe that the charge-inducing collisions in volcanic dust which cause the lightning. Volcanic eruption contains lava,tephra and various gasses , which are discharged from the volcanic fissure.

7) Wind are caused by pressure gradient  force, which arises from the uneven heating of earth's surface. Once it is in motion, the Coriolis force arises from Earth's rotation to deflect it. In simple language, heat from the sun warms the Earth's atmosphere and the air . Air moves from high press to lower pressure, resulting in wind.

8)Earths atmosphere scatters away the light in blue, indigo, and violet wavelength region, while higher wavelength colors like red, orange and yellow are less easily scattered. These wavelengths is what we see , that is why the light from the sun appears yellow.

9) No, they are not in the same location. The north and south magnetic poles move around. Swirling motions of the Earth 's outer core make our planet magnetic field.  the magnetic fields keep changing so the magnetic poles keep moving. Before 1970 poles were noticed to move around 9 km a year and after 1970 poles have been moving much faster, around 41 km a year.

10) No,  the earth shape is oblate spheroid. 

 

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sri    6

1. Wind shear, sometimes referred to as windshear or wind gradient.


2. Lightning is produced in clouds. First, small bits of ice above the freezing level of a cloud bump into each other as they move around. All these collisions build up an electrical field. As this field grows large enough, an electric current (i.e. the lightning) occurs between it and a second electrical field (in another cloud, in the air, or on the ground) reducing their charge separation.  
3. 7 is the max level on Richter scale. An earthquake that registers 7.0 on the Richter scale releases 2 petajoules of energy.
4. A cloudburst is an extreme amount of precipitation in a short period of time which is capable of creating flood conditions. A precipitation is a cloudburst when the rainfall rate equal to or greater than 100 millimetres (3.9 inches) per hour. Below this value a precipitation is just rain.
5. A leap year occurs every 4 years and contains one additional day (i.e. 29 February). This day is added to the calendar in leap years as a corrective measure, because the Earth does not orbit the sun in precisely 365 days.

6. The photo depicts volcanic lightning (also a dirty thunderstorm or thunder volcano), a weather phenomenon that is related to the production of lightning in a volcanic plume.
7. Differences in the atmospheric pressure make air to move from the higher to the lower pressure area, resulting in winds of various speeds.
8. The Sun may appear yellow, orange, or red because its short-wavelength components are scattered out by the Earth's atmosphere. Hence only its long-wavelength components, that are perceived by our visual system as red, yellow, and orange, get through the thick atmosphere to our eyes.
9. No, there is a difference of about 500 kilometers between the Geographic North and Magnetic North poles. This difference, which is called the magnetic declination, is due to perturbations in Earth's rotation and irregularities of the flows deep in the Earth that cause the magnetic north pole to move by a few meters over periods of a few years. Scientists predict that in about 2050 the magnetic declination will be zero.
10. No. Earth is not a prolate spheroid in shape but an oblate spheroid.

Game: royal revolt 2

Ign: sri888

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IGN: Ab...BH

GAME: RR2

….....…………………

1) headwind, In aeronautics, a headwind is favorable in takeoffs and landings because an airfoil moving into a headwind is capable of generating greater lift than the same airfoil moving through tranquil air or a tailwind at equal ground speed.

2) Lightning is produced in thunderstorms when liquid and ice particles above the freezing level collide, and build up large electrical fields in the clouds. Once these electric fields become large enough, a giant "spark" occurs between them (or between them and the ground) like static electricity, reducing the charge separation. The lightning spark can occur between clouds, between the cloud and air, or between the cloud and ground. 
cloud-to-ground lightning usually occurs near the boundary between the updraft region (where the darkest) clouds are, and the downdraft/raining region (with the lighter, fuzzy appearance). Sometimes, however, the lightning bolt can come out of the side of the storm, and strike a location miles away, seemingly coming out of the clear blue sky. As long as a thunderstorm continues to produce lightning, you know that the storm still has active updrafts and is still producing precipitation. The temperature inside a lightning bolt can reach 50,000 degrees F, hotter than the surface of the sun. Objects that are struck by lightning can catch on fire, but since the flash is so brief, objects can also show little or no evidence of burning at all.

3) In theory, the scale has no upper limit, but in practice noearthquake in modern times has ever been registered above magnitude9.5.

4) A cloudburst is an extreme amount of precipitation in a short period of time,sometimes accompanied by hail and thunder, that is capable of creating flood conditions. A cloudburst can suddenly dump large amounts of water e.g. 25 mm of precipitation corresponds to 25000 metric tons/km2 (1 inch corresponds to 72,300 short tons over one square mile). However, cloudbursts are infrequent as they occur only via orographic lift or occasionally when a warm air parcel mixes with cooler air, resulting in sudden condensation. At times, a large amount of runoff from higher elevations is mistakenly conflated with a cloudburst. The term "cloudburst" arose from the notion that clouds were akin to water balloons and could burst, resulting in rapid precipitation. Though this idea has since been disproven, the term remains in use. Rainfall rate equal to or greater than 100 millimetres (3.9 in) per hour is a cloudburst.
about difference of them, is that rain is condensed water falling from a cloud while cloudburst is a sudden heavy rainstorm.

5) early every four years is a leap year which has 366 days, as opposed to common year, which has 365 in the Gregorian Calendar.
we add a leap day on February 29 nearly every four years.
Next leap day is February 29, 2020. Last leap day was February 29, 2016.

6) volcanic lightning, also known as a dirty thunderstorm, is the unusual weather occurrence which can happen inside of a volcanic plume. The phenomenom has been spotted around the world at locations such as the Chaiten Volcano in Chile and Iceland's Eyjafjallajökull and more with photographers capturing it all in dramatic photos. They are thought to occur when electrical charges are built up from rock fragments, ash and ice particles colliding together inside the volcanic plume producing a static charge. 

Volcanic eruptions are sometimes accompanied by flashes of lightning. However, this lightning doesn’t descend from storm clouds in the sky. It is generated within the ash cloud spewing from the volcano, in a process called charge separation.

7) Wind is caused by air flowing from high pressure to low pressure. Since the Earth is rotating, however, the air does not flow directly from high to low pressure, but it is deflected to the right (in the Northern Hemisphere; to the left in the Southern Hemisphere), so that the wind flows mostly around the high and low pressure areas.

8) Our atmosphere scatters shorter to bigger wavelengths color fromsunlight when the white light travels through it. During day, it scatters violet and blue colors leaving yellowish sunlight (the reason why sky is blue and sunlight is yellow). ... But when higher in the sky the Sun looks white.

9) the Earth’s magnetic north pole and geological north pole isn't at the same location.
Geographic north and south poles are determined by the earth's spin. They are the locations on earth through which the axis of the earth's spin passes. Magnetic north is determined by the direction a compass points. Magnetic variance, or declination, is the difference between geographic north and magnetic north.
Geographic north pole: The Earth rotates on the geographic north and south poles. The geographic north and south poles are where lines of longitude (meridians) converge in the north. The south and north pole are directly opposite to one another.

The North Pole is located in the middle of the Arctic Ocean. Scientists have tried marking the North pole. Because the water here is permanently covered with moving sea ice, it’s practically impossible to construct any type of permanent station at the true North Pole.
The Magnetic North Pole: (also known as the North Dip Pole) is a point on Ellesmere Island in Northern Canada where the northern lines of attraction enter the Earth. A compass needle rests freely in its casing so it can maneuver itself. When you pull out a compass, it aligns itself with the Earth’s magnetic field. The small magnetic pin is how a compass responds to Earth’s magnetism. This means that a compass needle will point to the Magnetic North Pole – which is different from the geographic north.

10) No, A spheroid has circular symmetry. Because of the combined effects of gravity and rotation, the Earth's shapeis not quite a sphere but instead is slightly flattened in the direction of its axis of rotation. For that reason, in cartography the Earth is often approximated by an oblate spheroidinstead of a sphere.

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IGN: Fourofjacks

Game: Royal revolt 2

1) Air pocket, wind shear, any sort of turbulence / change in wind direction.

2) Collisions between small bits of ice within a cloud build up electric charge which is discharged as a lightning

3) There is no max value on a Richter scale, however the highest recorded earthquake is below 10 (9.5)

4) A cloudburst is a sudden high amount of precipitation in a short amount of time over a small area. Usually occurring only via upward movement of warm air in mountainous areas.

5) Generally every 4 years. However years divisible by 100 are excluded except those divisible by 400.

6) Dirty thunderstorm, caused by rocks, ash and ice particles in a volcanic plume colliding and produce static charges which can discharge like in a regular thunderstorm.

7) Wind is cause by differences is atmospheric pressure, flowing from high pressure to low pressure.

8) The earths atmosphere filters blue light from the sun through Rayleigh scattering causing the sun to look yellow.

9) No, the geological north pole is on the axis where the earth rotates. The magnetic north moves around depending on the hot liquid metal of earths that causes the magnetism.

10) No, it is a oblate spheroid as the earth spins on its minor axis.

 

 

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IGN- Katniss142

GAME- ROYAL REVOLT 2

 

ANS-1. Wind shear.

 

ANS-2. Lightning is caused by an electrical discharge of electrons moving very quickly from one place to another. These electrons move so quickly that they superheat the air around them causing it to glow.

 

ANS-3. 10

 

ANS-4. A cloudburst is sudden copious rainfall. It is a sudden aggressive rainstorm falling for a short period of time limited to a small geographical area.

             Rain is liquid water in the form of droplets that have condensed from atmospheric water vapor and then precipitated—that is, become heavy enough to fall under gravity whereas, A cloudburst is an extreme amount of precipitation in a short period of time, sometimes accompanied by hail and thunder, that is capable of creating flood conditions.

 

ANS-5. February 29 is a date that usually occurs every four years, and is called leap day.

 

ANS-6. This is incredible picture shows the highly active “Sakurajima” volcano on the Japanese island of Kyushu.

Picture showing the rare phenomenon of volcanic lightning, as well as an explosive shockwave which rippled through the sky.

 

ANS-7. The Wind is caused by differences in the atmospheric pressure. When a difference in atmospheric pressure exists, air moves from the higher to the lower pressure area, resulting in winds of various speeds.

 

ANS-8. Sun's light is not white. It contains many light waves. However, it does appear white as the result of all visible lights combined. The white light is following its physical behaviour when it touches the atmosphere. Some of the wavelengths got dispersed in the atmosphere, some are survived and touch the ground. The Sun appears yellow because the blue light is distorted to colour the sky so we see a white with less blue -> yellow.

 

ANS-9. Geographically, the North Pole is at 90 degrees on the Arctic edge.

While the Magnetic North is near the Geographical South Pole (Antarctica).

In magnetism, opposite poles attract so the North Pole is attracted by the South Pole and vice versa.

Hence the Magnetic North Pole of the Earth is near the South Pole (Geographic) and the Magnetic South Pole of the Earth is near the Geographic North Pole as Magnetic North Pole attracts Geographic South Pole and vice versa.

 

ANS-10. No, the earth is oblate in shape.

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RR2

ign: gabi gabi 

1. Wind speed goes down over wings then airplane will go down

2.Lightning is produced in thunderstorms when liquid and ice particles above the freezing level collide, and build up large electrical fields in the clouds. Once these electric fields become large enough, a giant "spark" occurs between them (or between them and the ground) like static electricity, reducing the charge separation. The lightning spark can occur between clouds, between the cloud and air, or between the cloud and ground

3. Level 10

4. A cloudburst is different from rain only in the amount of water that pours down on the earth. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) labels rainfall over 100 mm per hour as cloudburst

5.A leap year occurs roughly every four years

6. Nice pic though.

7,Wind is caused by differences in the atmospheric pressure. When a difference in atmospheric pressure exists, air moves from the higher to the lower pressure area, resulting in winds of various speeds

8. The reason the Sun looks yellow to us on Earth is that our atmosphere scatters light from the Sun; so the apparent color of the sun changes.

9. They are not at same location. Because Magnetic North pole is moving every year and Geographic North pole is at fixed location

10.No

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Game -Rr2

IGN - Akash_chandani

 

 

ANSWERS 

 

1. HEADWIND

 

2.Heavier, negatively charged particles sink to the bottom of the cloud. When the positive and negative charges grow 

large enough, a giant spark - lightning - occurs between the two charges within the cloud. This is like a static

electricity sparks you see, but much bigger.

 

3. there is no theoretical upper limit to the Richter magnitude scale, but obviously, in practice, the scale is

limited both by the Earth's ability to release energy and by its ability to remain in one piece. The Earth could 

only generate earthquakes beyond a certain level. After that, an asteroid collision could go higher, but eventually 

the Earth would simply explode.but The biggest quake in recorded history was the 9.5 quake that struck Chile in 1960.

 

4.A cloudburst is an extreme amount of precipitation in a short period of time,sometimes accompanied by hail and thunder,

that is capable of creating flood conditions. A cloudburst can suddenly dump large amounts of water e.g. 25 mm 

of precipitation corresponds to 25000 metric tons/km2 (1 inch corresponds to 72,300 short tons over one square mile).

However, cloudbursts are infrequent as they occur only via orographic lift or occasionally when a warm air 

parcel mixes with cooler air, resulting in sudden condensation. At times, a large amount of runoff from higher

elevations is mistakenly conflated with a cloudburst. The term "cloudburst" arose from the notion that clouds

were akin to water balloons and could burst, resulting in rapid precipitation. Though this idea has since been 

disproven, the term remains in use.

A cloudburst is different from rain only in the amount of water that pours down on the earth. if rainfall of about 

 

10 cm or above per hour is recorded over a place that is roughly 10 km x 10 km in area, it is classified as a 

cloudburst event.

5.Nearly every four years is a leap year which has 366 days, as opposed to a common year, which has 365 in

the Gregorian Calendar.

February 29 is a date that usually occurs every four years, and is called leap day. This day is added to the calendar

in leap years as a corrective measure, because the Earth does not orbit the sun in precisely 365 days.

It takes the Earth approximately 365.242189 days or 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 45 seconds to 

circle once around the Sun.

 

6.A dirty thunderstorm (also volcanic lightning, thunder volcano) is a weather phenomenon that is related to the

production of lightning in a volcanic plume.

A study in the journal Science indicated that electrical charges are generated when rock fragments,

ash, and ice particles in a volcanic plume collide and produce static charges, just as ice particles

collide in regular thunderstorms.

Volcanic eruptions are sometimes accompanied by flashes of lightning. However, this lightning doesn’t

descend from storm clouds in the sky. It is generated within the ash cloud spewing from the volcano, 

in a process called charge separation.

7.Wind is caused by air flowing from high pressure to low pressure. Since the Earth is rotating, however, 

the air does not flow directly from high to low pressure, but it is deflected to the right 

(in the Northern Hemisphere; to the left in the Southern Hemisphere), so that the wind flows mostly around

 the high and low pressure areas.

 

8.Our atmosphere scatters shorter to bigger wavelengths color fromsunlight when the white light travels through it.

 During day, it scatters violet and blue colors leaving yellowish sunlight 

(the reason why sky is blue and sunlight is yellow) But when higher in the sky the Sun looks white.

9. the Earth’s magnetic north pole and geological north pole isn't at the same location.

Geographic north and south poles are determined by the earth's spin. They are the locations

n earth through which the axis of the earth's spin passes. Magnetic north is determined by the

direction a compass points. Magnetic variance, or declination, is the difference between geographic

north and magnetic north.Geographic north pole: The Earth rotates on the geographic north and south poles.

The geographic north and south poles are where lines of longitude (meridians) converge in the north. 

The south and north poleare directly opposite to one another.

The North Pole is located in the middle of the Arctic Ocean. Scientists have tried marking the North pole.

 Because the water here is permanently covered with moving sea ice, it’s practically impossible to construct 

any type of permanent station at the true North Pole.

The Magnetic North Pole: (also known as the North Dip Pole) is a point on Ellesmere Island in Northern Canada 

where the northern lines of attraction enter the Earth.

 

10.No,

A spheroid has circular symmetry. Because of the combined effects of gravity and rotation, the Earth's shapeis

not quite a sphere but instead is slightly flattened in the direction of its axis of rotation. For that reason,

in cartography the Earth is often approximated by an oblate spheroidinstead of a sphere.

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Game: Royal Revolt 2
IGN: Hercules1301

1.

Wind movement that causes a plane to enter a downward motion is called a WIND SHEAR. It is a difference in wind speed and/or direction over a relatively short distance in the atmosphere which can cause wind to blow almost vertically in regard to the ground.

microburst1.jpg 

If a plane were to enter an area where a wind shear occures, the force with which the wind acts upon the craft would be added to it's weigth thus making the downward force vector greater that the lift vector and if the pilot fails to balance those two, the plane would start "sinking" towards the ground in a manner that is dependant upon the difference of the two before mentioned vectors and the thrust vector.

2. 

Lightning is an electric current. To make this electric current, first you need a cloud. When the ground is hot, it heats the air above it. This warm air rises. As the air rises, water vapour cools and forms a cloud. When air continues to rise, the cloud gets bigger and bigger. In the tops of the clouds, temperature is below freezing and the water vapour turns into ice.

Now, the cloud becomes a thundercloud. Lots of small bits of ice bump into each other as they move around. All these collisions cause a build up of electrical charge.

Eventually, the whole cloud fills up with electrical charges. Lighter, positively charged particles form at the top of the cloud. Heavier, negatively charged particles sink to the bottom of the cloud.

When the positive and negative charges grow large enough, a giant spark - lightning - occurs between the two charges within the cloud. This is like a static electricity sparks you see, but much bigger.

3. 

The biggest quake in recorded history was the 9.5 quake that struck Chile in 1960. It killed nearly 1.900 people and caused about $4 billion in damage in 2010 dollars.

Max value on a Richter scale is 9.0 and greater. Average earthquake effects: At or near total destruction – severe damage or collapse to all buildings. Heavy damage and shaking extends to distant locations. Permanent changes in ground topography.

At the dutch pages of wikipedia I have discovered two more Richter scales: from 10.0 to 11.9. (Average earthquake effects: Nothing remains to be said about possibly thousands of kilometers; Landscape changes strongly; Danger to many forms of life; Big shifts of the tectonic plates; Countries and islands change place; Change of earth’s nutritional or velocity of rotation) and 12 and greater (Average earthquake effects: Fully catastrophic and very profound geographical changes; Danger to all forms of life; Landscape changes completely; Maximum impact on the geographical organization of water and land; Current existing world maps would have become unusable).

4.

Difference between rain and cloudburst is that rain is condensed water falling from a cloud while cloudburst is a sudden heavy rainstorm.

A cloudburst is sudden copious rainfall. It is a sudden aggressive rainstorm falling for a short period of time limited to a small geographical area.
Meteorologists say the rain from a cloudburst is usually of the shower type with a fall rate equal to or greater than 100 mm (4.94 inches) per hour.
Generally cloudbursts are associated with thunderstorms. The air currents rushing upwards in a rainstorm hold up a large amount of water.

If these currents suddenly cease, the entire amount of water descends on to a small area with catastrophic force all of a sudden and causes mass destruction. This is due to a rapid condensation of the clouds.

They occur most often in desert and mountainous regions, and in interior regions of continental landmasses.

During a cloudburst, more than 2 cm of rain may fall in a few minutes. They are called ‘bursts’ probably because it was believed earlier that clouds were solid masses full of water. So, these violent storms were attributed to their bursting.

One of the major disasters from a cloudburst in India occurred in 2002 in Uttaranchal. Some 28 people died when villages like Marwari, Kotsisham, Matgoan and Agonda were hit by sudden cloudbursts.

Cloudbursts frequently occur in Himachal Pradesh during the monsoon.

5. 

A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year containing one additional day (or, in the case of lunisolar calendars, a month) added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical or seasonal year. Because seasons and astronomical events do not repeat in a whole number of days, calendars that have the same number of days in each year drift over time with respect to the event that the year is supposed to track. By inserting (also called intercalating) an additional day or month into the year, the drift can be corrected. A year that is not a leap year is called a common year.

6.

The picture shows volcanic lightning, also known as a dirty thunderstorm, is the unusual weather occurrence which can happen inside of a volcanic plume. The phenomenom has been spotted around the world at locations such as the Chaiten Volcano in Chile and Iceland’s Eyjafjallajökull and more with photographers capturing it all in dramatic photos.

They are thought to occur when electrical charges are built up from rock fragments, ash and ice particles colliding together inside the volcanic plume producing a static charge. 

7.

Wind is caused by air flowing from high pressure to low pressure. The Earth’s rotation prevents that flow from being direct, but deflects it side to side (right in the Northern Hemisphere and left in the Southern), so wind flows around the high and low pressure areas. This movement around is important for very large and long-lived pressure systems. For small, short-lived systems (outflow of a thunderstorm) the wind will flow directly from high pressure to low pressure.

The closer the high and low pressure areas are together, the stronger the pressure gradient, so the winds are stronger. On weather maps, lines of constant pressure are drawn (isobars). These isobars are usually labeled with their pressure value in millibars (mb). The closer these lines are together, the stronger the wind. The curvature of the isobars is also important to the wind speed. Given the same pressure gradient (isobar spacing), if the isobars are curved anticyclonically (around the high pressure) the wind will be stronger. If the isobars are curved cyclonically (around the low pressure) the wind will be weaker.

8.

Sun’s light is not white. It contains many light wave. However, it does appear white as the result of all visible lights combined. The white light is following its physical behavior when it touches the atmosphere. Some of the wavelength got dispersed in the atmosphere, some are survived and touch the ground. The Sun appear yellow because the blue light is distorted to color the sky so we see a white with less blue -> yellow.

During sunset and sunrise, the blue light is distorted even more, making the Sun appear orange. During the day, the Sun’s light reaching Earth is very strong so that the difference between blue light and red light is visible enough by seeing the Sun’s color. However, the light reflected from the moon is less than 99.93 percent of the Sun’s light during the day. Hence, we won’t notice the difference between the red and blue on Moon’s color, That’s why it looks white.

9.

If you were standing on the geographic north pole holding your compass, it would point towards northern Canada at Ellesmere Island. This is a difference of about 500 kilometers between the Geographic North and Magnetic North poles!

This difference is called the magnetic inclination. Magnetic deviation is the error of a compass needle including nearby metallic objects.

Magnetic inclination varies according to where you are located on the globe. In order to point you in the right directions, users can compensate for magnetic inclination by using charts of declination or local calibration.

The difference today is about 500 kilometers. But the Magnetic North Pole is actually moving kilometers every year. This phenomenon is known as the Polar Shift Theory.

10.

YES! Earth is Prolate Spheroid in shape.

Isaac Newton first proposed that Earth was not perfectly round. Instead, he suggested it was an oblate spheroid-a sphere that is squashed at its poles and swollen at the equator. He was correct and, because of this bulge, the distance from Earth’s center to sea level is roughly 21 kilometers (13 miles) greater at the equator than at the poles.

To keep track of Earth’s shape, scientists now position thousands of Global Positioning System receivers on the ground that can detect changes in their elevation of a few millimeters, Gross says. Another method, dubbed satellite laser ranging, fires visible-wavelength lasers from a few dozen ground stations at satellites. Any changes detected in their orbits correspond to gravitational anomalies and thus mass distributions inside the planet. Still another technique, very long baseline interferometry, has radio telescopes on the ground listen to extragalactic radio waves to detect changes in the positions of the ground stations. It may not take much technology to understand that Earth is not perfectly round, but it takes quite a bit of effort and equipment to determine its true shape.

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heshamelsharif1
Olympus rising

======================================
1. Which wind movement causes aircrafts to enter a downward motion?
Air tunbalance  

BUT Not alone 

With Gravity &Pitch all affect downward movement of an aircraft.  

=================
2. What causes lightning?

When the ground is hot, it heats the air above it. This warm air rises. As the air rises, water vapour
cools and forms a cloud. When air continues to rise, the cloud gets bigger and bigger. In the tops of
the clouds, temperature is below freezing and the water vapour turns into ice.

Now, the cloud becomes a thundercloud. Lots of small bits of ice bump into each other as they move
around. All these collisions cause a build up of electrical charge.

Eventually, the whole cloud fills up with electrical charges. Lighter, positively charged particles
form at the top of the cloud. Heavier, negatively charged particles sink to the bottom of the cloud.

When the positive and negative charges grow large enough, a giant spark - lightning - occurs between
the two charges within the cloud. This is like a static electricity sparks you see, but much bigger.

=========
3.The maximum value on rechter scales:

In theory, the scale has no upper limit, but in practice no earthquake in modern times has ever been
registered above magnitude 9.5.

=========
4. What is a cloudburst and how is it different from rain?

Cloudburst is a form of precipitation along
with the hailstones. Sometimes, the strong winds blowing upwards push the down pouring raindrops in
the reverse direction, that is, towards the clouds. In this process, the raindrops change into
hailstones and the clouds become heavier. These hailstones are so heavy that the upward winds cannot
hold their weight. This results in a sudden heavy downpour along with the large hailstones. This is
known as the cloudburst. Cloudburst is mostly seen in mountainous regions. In India, you can find such
cloudbursts occur often in Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand. All heavy rains are not necessarily
cloudbursts.

============
5.  When does a leap year occur?

  A leap year ias acalender year that contain one extra day (366) on Febraury month that become 29
days,The Next leap day is February 29, 2020.

==============
6. From the photo given above, ascertain the name and describe what's happening in short. ;) Amazing
pic, isn't it!

Volcanic Lightning -
This photograph offers some important insights into the formation and study of volcanic lightning. It
was taken  by German photographer Martin Rietze, on a visit to Japan's Sakurajima volcano.            
Sometimes, when a volcano explodes, it releases a powerful amount of energy into the atmosphere. This
sudden jolt can result in strong reactions that ultimately produce lightning from within an eruption!

================
What is the cause of winds?
Wind is caused by air flowing from high pressure to low pressure. Since the Earth is rotating,
however, the air does not flow directly from high to low pressure, but it is deflected to the right
(in the Northern Hemisphere; to the left in the Southern Hemisphere), so that the wind flows mostly
around the high and low pressure areas. 

===========================
8. Even though Sun’s light is white, why does it appear to be yellowish when viewed from Earth?

The Earth's atmosphere acts as a kind of light filter. Some colors are filtered more than others. The
Sun is a yellow star, but the Earth's atmosphere makes the Sun look more yellow than it appears than
if you were to observe it from space where it would appear more white than yellow

==========
9. Is the Earth’s magnetic north pole and geological north pole at the same location, if not state why
it isn’t the same.

no,This difference is called the magnetic inclination. Magnetic deviation is the error of a compass
needle including nearby metallic objects.

Magnetic inclination varies according to where you are located on the globe. In order to point you in
the right directions, users can compensate for magnetic inclination by using charts of declination or
local calibration,The difference today is about 500 kilometers. But the Magnetic North Pole is actually moving
kilometers every year. This phenomenon is known as the Polar Shift Theory.

=======================
 10. Earth is Prolate Spheroid in shape. Yes or No?
No , the shape of the Earth with an oblate spheroid

Edited by heshamelsharif1

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Game: Royal Revolt 2

IGN: JamaiKhan

 

1. A downdraft

2. Lightning is produced in thunderstorms when liquid and ice particles above the freezing level collide, and build up large electrical fields in the clouds. Once these electric fields become large enough, a giant "spark" occurs between them (or between them and the ground) like static electricity, reducing the charge separation. 

3. In theory, the Richter scale does not have an upper limit, but no earthquake in modern times has ever been registered above magnitude 9.5. Also, the Richter scale was designed to measure the magnitude of moderate strength earthquakes, and so is not used to rate earthquakes with a magnitude greater than approximately 6.9. The moment magnitude scale is used for large earthquakes.

4. A cloudburst is sudden abundant rainfall, falling for a short period of time, and limited to a small geographical area. Rain is simply described as condensed water falling from a cloud.

5. A leap year occurs every 4 years. Leap years are needed to keep our modern day Gregorian calendar in allignment with the Earth's revolutions around the Sun. It takes the Earth approximately 365 1/4 days to circle once around the Sun. Every 4 years, these four quarters are added together, resulting an extra day; February, 29.

6. The photo depicts Volcanic Lightning. The phenomenon occurs when material carrying a large positive charge is ejected into the atmosphere. Regions of opposite but separated electrical charges take shape,and a lightning bolt is nature's way of balancing the charge distribution.

7. Wind is caused by air flowing from high pressure, to low pressure. Since the Earth is rotating, however, the air does not flow directly from high to low pressure, but it is deflected to the right or left in the Northern and Souther Hemispheres respectively, so that wind flows mostly around the high and low pressure areas.

8. The sun appears yellow because it's surface tempurature produces a range of visible light (red to blue) with yellow being the most plentiful, though not by much. Also, the Earth's atmosphere acts as a kind of light filter, scattering the short wavelengths (blue) of light, and leaving behind the longer (yellow-red) wavelengths.

9. The Earth's magnetic and geographical north poles are at different locations. This is because the Earth's geographic north pole is where lines of longitude converge in the north. The magnetic north pole is a point on Ellesmere Island in Northern Canada, where the northern lines of attraction enter the Earth.

10. No. The earth is not a prolate spheroid. It is, instead, an oblate spheroid.

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AboYoumna

Olympus rising

1.Which wind movement causes aircrafts to enter a downward motion?

Gravity/ Air turbulence / Pitch

All affect downward movement of an aircraft.  
Pitch is the normal wind movement during voluntary control.  I think is the answer they are looking for here.

2.what cause lightning :

Lightning is an electric current. To make this electric current, first you need a cloud.When the ground is hot, it heats the air above it. This warm air rises. As the air rises, water vapour cools and forms a cloud. When air continues to rise, the cloud gets bigger and bigger. In the tops of the clouds, temperature is below freezing and the water vapour turns into ice.Now, the cloud becomes a thundercloud. Lots of small bits of ice bump into each other as they move around. All these collisions cause a build up of electrical charge.Eventually, the whole cloud fills up with electrical charges. Lighter, positively charged particles form at the top of the cloud. Heavier, negatively charged particles sink to the bottom of the cloud.When the positive and negative charges grow large enough, a giant spark - lightning - occurs between the two charges within the cloud. This is like a static electricity sparks you see, but much bigger.

3.maximum value on rechter scales:

In theory, the scale has no upper limit, but in practice no earthquake in modern times has ever been registered above magnitude 9.5.

4. What is a cloudburst and how is it different from rain?

Cloudburst is a form of precipitation along with the hailstones. Sometimes, the strong winds blowing upwards push the down pouring raindrops in the reverse direction, that is, towards the clouds. In this process, the raindrops change into hailstones and the clouds become heavier. These hailstones are so heavy that the upward winds cannot hold their weight. This results in a sudden heavy downpour along with the large hailstones. This is known as the cloudburst. Cloudburst is mostly seen in mountainous regions. In India, you can find such cloudbursts occur often in Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand. All heavy rains are not necessarily cloudbursts.

5.  When does a leap year occur

A leap year is acalender year that contain one extra day (366) on Febraury month that become 29 days

added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astronomical  or seasonal year Because seasons and astronomical events do not repeat in a whole number of days

6.

Volcanic Lightning - Sometimes, when a volcano explodes, it releases a powerful amount of energy into the atmosphere. This sudden jolt can result in strong reactions that ultimately produce lightning from within an eruption!

7. What is the cause of winds

Wind is caused by air flowing from high  pressure to low pressure. Since the Earth is rotating, however, the air does not flow directly from high to low pressure, but it is deflected to the right (in the Northern Hemisphere; to the left in the Southern Hemisphere), so that the wind flows mostly around the high and low pressure areas. 

8. Even though Sun’s light is white, why does it appear to be yellowish when viewed from Earth

White light is a combination of all colors produced equally by a glowing object. A glowing object that appears blue is blue because it's producing more blue light than it is producing red, orange, yellow, green light. The color of a glowing object depends on the temperature of the object.Tow Reasons why the Sun appears yellow:

1. The Sun's surface temperature (5,500 degrees C) produces a range of visible light (red to blue) in which yellow is the most plentiful, but not much more than other colors it produces

2 The Earth's atmosphere acts as a kind of light filter. Some colors are filtered more than others. The Sun is a yellow star, but the Earth's atmosphere makes the Sun look more yellow than it appears than if you were to observe it from space where it would appear more white than yellow

9. Is the Earth’s magnetic north pole and geological north pole at the same location, if not state why it isn’t the same.

No

This difference is called the magnetic inclination. Magnetic deviation is the error of a compass needle including nearby metallic objects.

Magnetic inclination varies according to where you are located on the globe. In order to point you in the right directions, users can compensate for magnetic inclination by using charts of declination or local calibration.

The difference today is about 500 kilometers. But the Magnetic North Pole is actually moving kilometers every year. This phenomenon is known as the Polar Shift Theory.

10. Earth is Prolate Spheroid in shape

No the most accurate description  is oblate spheroid 

Edited by AboYomna
Add 1st question name

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Game: Royal Revolt 2

IGN:me king me

 

My answer (mostly from wiki)

1. Which wind movement causes aircrafts to enter a downward motion?

Turbulent downward moving air

 

2. What causes lightning?

In a thundercloud. lots of small bits of ice bump into each other as they move around. All these collisions cause a build up of electrical charge.

When the whole cloud fills up with electrical charges,lighter, positively charged particles form at the top of the cloud and  heavier, negatively charged particles sink to the bottom of the cloud.

When the positive and negative charges grow large enough, a giant spark - lightning - occurs between the two charges within the cloud

 

3. The Richter scale, developed in the 1930s, is a base-10 logarithmic scale. What is the max value on a Richter scale?

The theoretical upper limit for our planet would be Richter 12.0, which is the point at where the energy released splits the planet in half against even gravity, or into multiple chunks

 

4. What is a cloudburst and how is it different from rain?

A cloudburst is an extreme amount of precipitation in a short period of time.

 

5.  When does a leap year occur?

Every four years is a leap year which has 366 days

The year can be evenly divided by 4

 

6. From the photo given above, ascertain the name and describe what's happening in short

 A dirty thunderstorm (also volcanic lightning, thunder volcano) is a weather phenomenon that is related to the production of lightning in a volcanic plume

 

7. What is the cause of winds?

Wind is caused by a difference in pressure from one area to another area on the surface of the Earth. Air naturally moves from high to low pressure, and when it does so, it is called wind. Generally, we can say that the cause of the wind is the uneven heating of the Earth's surface by the Sun

8. Even though Sun’s light is white, why does it appear to be yellowish when viewed from Earth?

Sun is essentially all colors mixed together, which appear to our eyes as white.

When we see the Sun at sunrise or sunset, when it is low in the sky, it may appear yellow, orange, or red. But that is only because its short-wavelength colors (green, blue, violet) are scattered out by the Earth's atmosphere, much like small waves are dispersed by big rocks along the shore. Hence only the reds, yellows, and oranges get through the thick atmosphere

 

9. Is the Earth’s magnetic north pole and geological north pole at the same location, if not state why it isn’t the same.

No.

The terrestrial North Pole is a fixed geographic point that’s diametrically opposed to the terrestrial South Pole

Sswirling motions of molten metal in Earth's outer core make our planet's magnetic field. Those swirling motions are changing all the time, forming the magnetic poles.

 

 10. Earth is Prolate Spheroid in shape. Yes or No?

No

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IGN: king Leonidus7

GAME NAME: Royal Revolt 2

1)Wind shear or wind gradient.
2)Lightning is produced in clouds.Heavier, negatively  charged particles sink to the bottom of the cloud. When the positive and negative charges grow large enough, a giant spark i.e. lightning occurs between two charges within the cloud.Lightning is like static electricity sparks but much much bigger. 
3)The Richter magnitude scale was built on the previous qualitative Mercalli scale and offers a quantifiable measure of an earthquake's size. There is no theoretical upper limit to the Richter magnitude scale, but obviously, in practice, the scale is limited both by the Earth's ability to release energy and by its ability to remain in one piece.The earthquake with the biggest recorded magnitude was the Great Chilean Earthquake. It had a magnitude of 9.5 (approximately 9.5 on the Richter scale) and occurred in 1960.

4)A cloudburst is an extreme amount of precipitation in a short period of time sometimes accompanied by hail and thunder which is capable of creating flood conditions.

A precipitation is a cloudburst when the rainfall rate equal to or greater than 100 millimetres (3.9 inches) per hour. Below this value a precipitation is just rain.

5) A leap year occurs every 4 years and contains one additional day (i.e. 29 February). This day is added to the calendar in leap years as a corrective measure, because the Earth does not orbit the sun in precisely 365 days.its actually 365 days 6 hours (almost).so every 4 years one day i.e. [6x4=24 hrs.] is added to February as a corrective measure.

6) The photo depicts volcanic lightning (a Dirty thunderstorm or thunder volcano), a weather phenomenon that is related to the production of lightning in a volcanic plume.

7) wind is caused by differences in the atmospheric pressure. When a difference in atmospheric pressure exists, air moves from the higher to the lower pressure area, resulting in winds of various speeds. On a rotating planet, air will also be deflected by the Coriolis effect, except exactly on the equator.

8) The Sun may appear yellow, orange, or red because its short-wavelength components are scattered out by the Earth's atmosphere. Hence only its long-wavelength components, that are perceived by our visual system as red, yellow, and orange, get through the thick atmosphere to our eyes.

9)No they are not at the same location. Indeed, the Earth’s magnetic north pole is the point on the surface of northern hemisphere at which the planet's magnetic field points vertically downwards (in other words, if a magnetic compass needle is allowed to rotate about a horizontal axis, it will point straight down).The Earth's geological north pole is actually the pool indicated by the north pole of a compass magnet, and is as such truly a magnetic south pole (the point on the surface of southern hemisphere at which the planet's magnetic field points vertically upwards).

10) No. Earth is not a prolate spheroid in shape but an oblate spheroid Since the Earth is flattened at the poles and bulges at the equator, geodesy represents the shape of the earth with an oblate spheroid. The oblate spheroid, or oblate ellipsoid, is an ellipsoid of revolution obtained by rotating an ellipse about its shorter axis.

Edited by kingleonidus7

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Note to Kk star - Next time please let me know in private chat, if there are other possible entry available to enter this trivia quests rather than signup or signin via the flaregames forum, so i can set my entry apart from the rest and that can get me extra 100 premium currency 😛
 
IGN       -  G0DSPEED (g0dspeed)
GAME   -  RR2.
 
1) Microburst or Directional windshear, are the wind movements that forces the aircraft to downward movement.
 
2) Lightning is neither generated nor produced in clouds. It basically occurs by the collision of two charges(positive and negative charges) within the cloud or even if two or more clouds collide each other, electric spark(lighting) occurs - thus charges trying to escape the friction caused in or among the clouds is the fundamental reason for occurance of lightning.
 
3) The standard Richter magnitude scale (base-10 logarithmic scale developed in late 1935) can measure magnitudes only upto 7 in rictor scale(max value).
 
4) A cloudburst is an extreme amount of precipitation in a short period of time. 
-Recorded Precipitation for cloudburst will be >= 100 millimetres (3.9 inches) per hour. 
-Precipitation of rain will be < 100 millimetres/hour
 
5) A year is considered or calculated as leap year in a period of every 4 years. ("It generally never occur as stated in the question 😝", leap year is not a natural phenomenon to occur, it is just a human (mis)calculation to measure or recorrect or adjust the time taken by earth to revolve around the sun). As Earth does not orbit the sun precisely in 365 days, Earth approximately takes 365 days and 6 hours. So this 6 hours is collectively considered as a day in every 4 years - i.e.,. One day(6x4=24 hrs) is added to February in a period of every 4 years, as a corrective measure and it is named as leap year.
 
6) The photo depicts volcanic lightning. It is caused by the charged particles that originate from both,
-The materials ejected from the volcano,
-Through charges (+ive and -ive) formed within dry ash clouds moving through the atmosphere.
 
7) Wind is caused by air flowing from high pressure to low pressure. The Earth's rotation prevents that flow from being direct, but deflects it side to side(right in the Northern Hemisphere and left in the Southern), so windflows around the high and low pressure areas.
 
8) The Sun might appear yellowish to human eyes - because its short-wavelength components are scattered out by the Earth's atmosphere. Hence only its long-wavelength components, which surpasses through the thick atmosphere - creates illusion in our visual system, which passes the info to our brain and makes us think that sun looks yellowish. 
 
9) Yes, Earth's North pole, true north pole and geological North pole are same, while geographical North pole varies.
 
10) No. Earth is not a prolate spheroid in shape, but an oblate spheroid.
Edited by MyRules
Typo and spell corrections, answer

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Game:  Royal revolt 2

IGN: INVINCIBLEWARRIOR

 

 

1)Wind shear or wind gradient.
2)Lightning is produced in clouds.Heavier, negatively  charged particles sink to the bottom of the cloud. When the positive and negative charges grow large enough, a giant spark i.e. lightning occurs between two charges within the cloud.Lightning is like static electricity sparks but much much bigger. 
3) The Richter scale was built on the previous qualitative Mercalli scale and offers a quantifiable measure of an earthquake's size. The standard Richter magnitude scale is  (local magnitude). This scale cannot measure magnitudes above about  = 7 (max value), because the high frequency waves recorded locally have wavelengths shorter than the rupture lengths of large earthquakes.The Richter scale is a logarithmic representation of the amount of energy released by an earthquake or its magnitude.it was later modified so that it can masure magnitude upto 8 magnitude 
4)A cloudburst is an extreme amount of precipitation in a short period of time sometimes accompanied by hail and thunder which is capable of creating flood conditions.

A precipitation is a cloudburst when the rainfall rate equal to or greater than 100 millimetres (3.9 inches) per hour. Below this value a precipitation is just rain.

5) A leap year occurs every 4 years and contains one additional day (i.e. 29 February). This day is added to the calendar in leap years as a corrective measure, because the Earth does not orbit the sun in precisely 365 days.its actually 365 days 6 hours (almost).so every 4 years one day i.e. [6x4=24 hrs.] is added to February as a corrective measure. 

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Royal revolt 2
IGN GameEnder

1.  downward thrust
2.   positive/negative energy between the earth and the sky/clouds
3.  10?
4.  A cloudburst is an extreme amount of precipitation, sometimes accompanied by hail and thunder, that normally lasts no longer than a few minutes but is capable of creating flood conditions. A cloudburst can suddenly dump large amounts of water  ... they occur only via orographic lift
5.   every 4 years
6. hell is breaking loose...idk the rocks causing so much friction like static electricity
7. Wind is caused by the pressure gradient force, which arises from the uneven heating of earth's surface. Once it is in motion, the Coriolis force arises from Earth's rotation to deflect it
8. all the stuff in our atmosphere
9.  no   because it moves
10.  yes?

Edited by GameEnder
i connected 2 awnsers =D

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Royal Revolt 2

IGN: Kondor2468

1) A microburst is causing this.

2) Lightning is produced in thunderstorms when liquid and ice particles above the freezing level collide, and build up large electrical fields in the clouds. Once these electric fields become large enough, a giant "spark" occurs between them (or between them and the ground) like static electricity, reducing the charge separation. The lightning spark can occur between clouds, between the cloud and air, or between the cloud and ground.

3) There is no upper limit, though level 13 is capable of extinction of life on earth and level 15 can extinct the earth itself.

4) A cloudburst is different from rain only by the amount of water that pours down on the earth. Usually rainfall rate equal to or greater than 100 mm/ hour is called a cloudburst.

5) if year is not divisible by 4 then it is a common year
   else if year is not divisible by 100 then it is a leap year
   else if year is not divisible by 400 then it is a common year
   else it is a leap year

6) The phenomenon is called a dirty thunderstorm. Also volcanic lightning or thunder volcano. It is a weather phenomenon that is related to the production of lightning in a volcanic plume. This happens when electrical charges are generated when rock fragments, ash, and ice particles in a volcanic plume collide and produce static charges, just as ice particles collide in regular thunderstorms.

7) Wind is caused by air flowing from high pressure to low pressure. Since the Earth is rotating, however, the air does not flow directly from high to low pressure, but it is deflected to the right in the Northern Hemisphere; to the left in the Southern Hemisphere, so that the wind flows mostly around the high and low pressure areas.

8) Two reasons: First - The Sun's surface temperature is 5,500º and produces a range of visible light in which yellow is the most plentiful, but only slightly more than other colors it produces. If the Sun were cooler, say 2,500º, it would look red or if the Sun were hotter, say 15,000 º, it would look blue. Second - The Earth's atmosphere acts as a kind of light filter. Some colors are filtered more than others. The Sun is a yellow star, but the Earth's atmosphere makes the Sun look more yellow than it appears than if you were to observe it from space.

9) It's not. The North Magnetic Pole moves over time due to magnetic changes in the Earth's core.

10) No. Earth is an Oblate Spheroid.

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1.pitch motion

2.friction betwen positive chargeed particles and negetive charged particles.

3.10

4.cloudburst is a heavy rainfall in to a smaller area comparatively...its duration is also very small.

5.after every 4 year.earth takes 365 days 5hours 46 minutes 48 seconds to rotate the sun.so after 4 years it makes a day of 24 hours(roughly).so 2000 was a leap year as 2004.

6.burst of volcano..as well as lightening..

7.different atmospheric pressure

8.because sun's surface temperature(5500 degree centigrade) produces visible light range from red to blue..in which yellow is the most prominent.

9.no they are not at same location ..the difference is 1.5 degrees.magnetic north pole is moving continuously because of continuous magnetic changes in earth's core.

10.no.it is oblate spheroid.

by Drago0110 of Royal Revolt 2

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1. Microburst

2. When a thundercloud is way up in the atmosphere, the air is very cold and  this causes the moisture in the cloud to freeze. These tiny bits of ice bump into each other as they roll around in the air. Each collision creates an electric charge. Eventually, the cloud's electrical charges begin to separate. Positive charges form at the top of the cloud, while negative charges settle at the bottom. The Earth's surface has a positive charge. The positive charge concentrates around anything that sticks up, whether it's a skyscraper, a mountain, a tall tree, a fence, a lightning pole or a person standing in an empty field.

3. The Richter scale does not have an upper limit. It is a logarithmic representation of the amount of energy released by an earthquake, or its magnitude.

4. A cloudburst is a sudden aggressive downpour within the radius of a couple of kilometres. They usually do not last more than a few minutes but they are able to flood the whole area. Rainfall from a cloudburst is usually equal to or greater than 100 mm per hour. Cloudbursts are generally associated with thunderstorms. The difference between rain and cloudburst is that rain is condensed water falling from a cloud while cloudburst is a sudden heavy rainstorm.

5. In the Gregorian calendar three criteria must be taken into account to identify leap years:

  • The year can be evenly divided by 4;
  • If the year can be evenly divided by 100, it is NOT a leap year, unless;
  • The year is also evenly divisible by 400. Then it is a leap year.

6. It's called a  dirty thunderstorm (or volcanic lightning orthunder volcano). It is a weather phenomenon that is related to the production of lightning in a volcanic plume. Indicated that electrical charges are generated when rock fragments, ash, and ice particles in a volcanic plume collide and produce static charges, just as ice particles collide in regular thunderstorms. Volcanic eruptions are sometimes accompanied by flashes of lightning. However, this lightning doesn’t descend from storm clouds in the sky. It is generated within the ash cloud spewing from the volcano, in a process called charge separation.

7. Wind is caused by air flowing from high pressure to low pressure. Since the Earth is rotating, however, the air does not flow directly from high to low pressure, but it is deflected to the right (in the Northern Hemisphere; to the left in the Southern Hemisphere), so that the wind flows mostly around the high and low pressure areas.

8. The Sun's surface temperature (5,500 degrees C) produces a range of visible light (red to blue) in which yellow is the most plentiful, but not much more than other colors it produces. What's more, the Earth's atmosphere acts as a kind of light filter. Some colors are filtered more than others. The Sun is a yellow star, but the Earth's atmosphere makes the Sun look more yellow than it appears than if you were to observe it from space where it would appear more white than yellow.

9. No.Beacuse The magnetic pole wander a bit year to year.  It is believed that the magnetic poles have switched many times during the history of the earth.  This has been inferred by looking at the orientation of magnetic particles in the rocks around the places where the sea floor is spreading. 

10. No.

 

ign: emgiee1

RR2

Edited by Mag

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TRIVIA CHALLENGE ANSWERS

1. Which wind movement causes aircrafts to enter a downward motion?

Gravity/ Air turbulence / Pitch all affect downward movement of an aircraft.  
Pitch is the normal wind movement during voluntary control.  I think is the answer they are looking for here.


2. What causes lightning?

Lightning is an electric current. To make this electric current, first you need a cloud.

When the ground is hot, it heats the air above it. This warm air rises. As the air rises, water vapour cools and forms a cloud. When air continues to rise, the cloud gets bigger and bigger. In the tops of the clouds, temperature is below freezing and the water vapour turns into ice.

Now, the cloud becomes a thundercloud. Lots of small bits of ice bump into each other as they move around. All these collisions cause a build up of electrical charge.

Eventually, the whole cloud fills up with electrical charges. Lighter, positively charged particles form at the top of the cloud. Heavier, negatively charged particles sink to the bottom of the cloud.

When the positive and negative charges grow large enough, a giant spark - lightning - occurs between the two charges within the cloud.


3. The Richter scale, developed in the 1930s, is a base-10 logarithmic scale. What is the max value on a Richter scale?

The Richter magnitude scale itself has no lower limit, and contemporary seismometers can register, record, and measure earthquakes with negative magnitudes.

The scale was replaced in the 1970s by the moment magnitude scale (MMS); for earthquakes adequately measured by the Richter scale, numerical values are approximately the same. Although values measured for earthquakes now are {\displaystyle M_{w}} M_{w} (MMS), they are frequently reported by the press as Richter values, even for earthquakes of magnitude over 8, when the Richter scale becomes meaningless. Anything above 5 is classified as a risk by the USGS.

Events with magnitudes greater than 4.5 are strong enough to be recorded by a seismograph anywhere in the world, so long as its sensors are not located in the earthquake's shadow.

The largest recorded earthquake was the Great Chilean earthquake of May 22, 1960, which had a magnitude of 9.5 on the moment magnitude scale.

Beyond 9.5, while extremely strong earthquakes are theoretically possible, the energies involved rapidly make such earthquakes on Earth effectively impossible without an extremely destructive source of external energy. For example, the asteroid impact that created the Chicxulub crater and caused the mass extinction that may have killed the dinosaurs has been estimated as causing a magnitude 13 earthquake, while a magnitude 15 earthquake could destroy the Earth completely.  Seismologist Susan Hough has suggested that 10 may represent a very approximate upper limit, as the effect if the largest known continuous belt of faults ruptured together (along the Pacific coast of the Americas).

Answer: 8.0
The common phrase "8.5 on the Richter scale" is the pun .... Lol


4. What is a cloudburst and how is it different from rain?

rain is condensed water falling from a cloud while cloudburst is a sudden heavy rainstorm.

A cloudburst is an extreme amount of precipitation in a short period of time, sometimes accompanied by hail and thunder, that is capable of creating flood conditions.

Rainfall rate equal to or greater than 100 millimetres (3.9 in) per hour is a cloudburst.


5.  When does a leap year occur?

Just when you thought this was an easy answer...lol

In the Gregorian calendar, the standard calendar in most of the world, most years that are multiples of 4 are leap years. In each leap year, the month of February has 29 days instead of 28. Adding an extra day to the calendar every four years compensates for the fact that a period of 365 days is shorter than a tropical year by almost 6 hours.

Leap years are needed to keep our modern day Gregorian calendar in alignment with the Earth's revolutions around the sun.

It takes the Earth approximately 365.242189 days – or 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 45 seconds – to circle once around the Sun. This is called a tropical year, and is measured from the March equinox.

However, the Gregorian calendar has only 365 days in a year, so if we didn't add a leap day on February 29 nearly every four years, we would lose almost six hours off our calendar every year. After only 100 years, our calendar would be off by around 24 days!

The exact length of a solar year is actually 11 minutes and 14 seconds less than 365 ¼ days. That means that even if you add a leap day every four years, the calendar would still overshoot the solar year by a little bit—11 minutes and 14 seconds per year.

Every now and then a leap second is added to Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) in order to synchronize clocks worldwide with the Earth's ever slowing rotation.

Every year that is exactly divisible by four is a leap year, except for years that are exactly divisible by 100, but these centurial years are leap years if they are exactly divisible by 400. For example, the years 1700, 1800, and 1900 were not leap years, but the years 1600 and 2000 were.

Special Leap Year 2000
The year 2000 was somewhat special as it was the first instance when the third criterion was used in most parts of the world since the transition from the Julian to the Gregorian Calendar.

Next leap day is February 29, 2020

 

6. From the photo given above, ascertain the name and describe what's happening in short. ;) Amazing pic, isn't it!

This is known as a Dirty Thunderstorm.

A study in the journal Science indicated that electrical charges are generated when rock fragments, ash, and ice particles in a volcanic plume collide and produce static charges, just as ice particles collide in regular thunderstorms.

Volcanic eruptions are sometimes accompanied by flashes of lightning. However, this lightning doesn’t descend from storm clouds in the sky. It is generated within the ash cloud spewing from the volcano, in a process called charge separation.

The Romans believed that Volcano was the chimney to the god Vulcan’s workshop. The island itself was thought to come from the debris that came out of the god’s furnace. The Romans believed that the earthquakes that shook the ground around the island came from Vulcan working in his shop, creating weapons for the gods to make war on one another.  Judging by this picture ... You can imagine why!

 

7. What is the cause of winds?

Generally, we can say that the cause of the wind is the uneven heating of the Earth’s surface by the Sun. The Earth’s surface is made of different land and water areas, and these varying surfaces absorb and reflect the Sun’s rays unevenly. Warm air rising yields a lower pressure on the Earth, because the air is not pressing down on the Earth’s surface, while descending cooler air produces a higher pressure.

Wind is caused by a difference in pressure from one area to another area on the surface of the Earth. Air naturally moves from high to low pressure, and when it does so, it is called wind.

 

8. Even though Sun’s light is white, why does it appear to be yellowish when viewed from Earth?

It is a common misconception that the Sun is yellow, or orange or even red. However, the Sun is essentially all colors mixed together, which appear to our eyes as white. This is easy to see in pictures taken from space.

When we see the Sun at sunrise or sunset, when it is low in the sky, it may appear yellow, orange, or red. But that is only because its short-wavelength colors (green, blue, violet) are scattered out by the Earth's atmosphere, much like small waves are dispersed by big rocks along the shore. Hence only the reds, yellows, and oranges get through the thick atmosphere to our eyes.
When the Sun is high in the sky, the shorter waves, primarily the blue, strike air molecules in the upper atmosphere and bounce around and scatter. Hence explaining why the sky looks blue.

Actually, all forms of light and energy are part of the same phenomena: the electromagnetic spectrum.  Our eyes can detect only a small amount of this energy, that portion we call "visible light."  We are 
unable to detect all wavelengths of light so we don't see the true color of white, which is every wavelength of light.

Color is a very interesting principle in physics.  I could go on for hours about that ... Lol.

9. Is the Earth’s magnetic north pole and geological north pole at the same location, if not state why it isn’t the same.

The Earth rotates on the geographic north and south poles. The geographic north and south poles are where lines of longitude (meridians) converge in the north. The south and north pole are directly opposite to one another.

The geographic North Pole is located in the middle of the Arctic Ocean.

On the other side of the Earth, the geographic South Pole lies on a continental land mass known as Antarctica.

The Magnetic North Pole (also known as the North Dip Pole) is a point on Ellesmere Island in Northern Canada where the northern lines of attraction enter the Earth.

This is a difference of about 500 kilometers between the Geographic North and Magnetic North poles!

The difference today is about 500 kilometers. But the Magnetic North Pole is actually moving kilometers every year. This phenomenon is known as the Polar Shift Theory.

Over the last 150 years, the magnetic pole has crept north over 1000 kilometers. Scientists suggest it migrates about 10 kilometers per year and can even flip from pole-to-pole. Lately, the speed has accelerated to about 40 kilometers per year and could reach Siberia in a few decades.

If you were alive to see it 800,000 years ago, it would have been the Magnetic South Pole.

It takes 200,000 to 300,000 years for Earth’s magnetic field to flip polarity. Flipping polarity means the lines of attraction that enter the Earth would flip north to south pole, or vice versa.


10. Earth is Prolate Spheroid in shape. Yes or No?

As countless photos from space can attest, Earth is round—the "Blue Marble," as astronauts have affectionately dubbed it. Appearances, however, can be deceiving. Planet Earth is not, in fact, perfectly round.

Isaac Newton first proposed that Earth was not perfectly round. Instead, he suggested it was an oblate spheroid—a sphere that is squashed at its poles and swollen at the equator. He was correct and, because of this bulge, the distance from Earth's center to sea level is roughly 21 kilometers (13 miles) greater at the equator than at the poles.

No!  Lets leave it at that.  Try to trick us with the spelling..lol.

Thanks .... That was a lot of fun.
IGN is Crazymooch
Gameplay is "Olympus Rising"
Looking forward to next challenge!!!

 

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ign: 5trip

game: rr2

1. Microburst

2. When a thundercloud is way up in the atmosphere, the air is very cold and  this causes the moisture in the cloud to freeze. These tiny bits of ice bump into each other as they roll around in the air. Each collision creates an electric charge. Eventually, the cloud's electrical charges begin to separate. Positive charges form at the top of the cloud, while negative charges settle at the bottom. The Earth's surface has a positive charge. The positive charge concentrates around anything that sticks up.

3. There is no max value.

4. A cloudburst is a sudden aggressive downpour within the radius of a couple of kilometres. The difference between rain and cloudburst is that rain is condensed water falling from a cloud while cloudburst is a sudden heavy rainstorm.

5. When the year can be evenly divided by 4; f the year can be evenly divided by 100, it is not a leap year, unless the year is also evenly divisible by 400. Then it is a leap year.

6. It's called a  dirty thunderstorm or volcanic lightning or thunder volcano. It is a weather phenomenon that is related to the production of lightning in a volcanic plume. Indicated that electrical charges are generated when rock fragments, ash, and ice particles in a volcanic plume collide and produce static charges, just as ice particles collide in regular thunderstorms.

7. Wind is caused by air flowing from high pressure to low pressure. Since the Earth is rotating, however, the air does not flow directly from high to low pressure, but it is deflected to the right (in the Northern Hemisphere; to the left in the Southern Hemisphere), so that the wind flows mostly around the high and low pressure areas.

8. The Sun's surface temperature produces a range of visible light in which yellow is the most plentiful, but not much more than other colors it produces. What's more, the Earth's atmosphere acts as a kind of light filter. Some colors are filtered more than others.

9. No.  Because the location magnetic pole changes due to magnetic changes in the Earth's core.

10. No.

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IGN: SorinM

GAME: ROYAL REVOLT 2

 

1. Microburst

2. When a thundercloud is way up in the atmosphere, the air is very cold and  this causes the moisture in the cloud to freeze. These tiny bits of ice bump into each other as they roll around in the air. Each collision creates an electric charge. Eventually, the cloud's electrical charges begin to separate. Positive charges form at the top of the cloud, while negative charges settle at the bottom. The Earth's surface has a positive charge. The positive charge concentrates around anything that sticks up.

3. There is no upper limit

4. A cloudburst is a sudden aggressive downpour within the radius of a couple of kilometres. The difference between rain and cloudburst is that rain is condensed water falling from a cloud while cloudburst is a sudden heavy rainstorm.

5. When the year can be evenly divided by 4; f the year can be evenly divided by 100, it is not a leap year, unless the year is also evenly divisible by 400.

6. It's called a  dirty thunderstorm or volcanic lightning. is a weather phenomenon that is related to the production of lightning in a volcanic plume. Indicated that electrical charges are generated when rock fragments, ash, and ice particles in a volcanic plume collide and produce static charges, just as ice particles collide in regular thunderstorms. volcanic lightning. It or dirty thunderstorm  It's called a

7. Wind is caused by air flowing from high pressure to low pressure. Since the Earth is rotating, however, the air does not flow directly from high to low pressure, but it is deflected to the right so that the wind flows mostly around the high and low pressure areas.

8. The Sun's surface temperature produces a range of visible light in which yellow is the most plentiful, but not much more than other colors it produces. What's more, the Earth's atmosphere acts as a kind of light filter. Some colors are filtered more than others.

9.Because the location magnetic pole changes due to magnetic changes in the Earth's core.  

10. No.

Edited by SorinM

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