IGN: King Mainak.
1. Wind shear
2. Lightning is caused by an electric potential difference (a voltage) being created between one cloud and another, or between a cloud and the ground. A charge of electrons builds up on the higher cloud while a lack of electrons occurs on the lower part. When this buildup/lack is large enough, a large amount of energy has been stored. It all releases at one time, forcing an electric current through the sky and allowing the charges to equalize; it also turns most of that energy into heat and light which were we see as lightning.
3.In theory, The Richter scale does not have an upper limit. The Richter scale is a logarithmic representation of the amount of energy released by an earthquake, or its magnitude. As of 2014, the earthquake that rated highest in recorded history was a 9.5-magnitude quake in Chile in 1960. But the standard Richter magnitude scale can only measured up to 7 (max value).
4.A cloudburst is an extreme amount of precipitation in a short period of time,sometimes accompanied by hail and thunder, that is capable of creating flood conditions.
Rainfall rate equal to or greater than 100 millimetres (3.9 in) per hour is a cloudburst. Rainfall rate Less than 100 millimetres (3.9 in) per hour it’s called rain.
5.A leap year occurs every four years to help synchronize the calendar year with the solar year, or the length of time it takes the earth to complete its orbit about the sun, which is about 365¼ days. Most years have 365 days, but a leap year has 366 days. The extra day is added onto the end of the shortest month, February; in a leap year, February has 29 days (instead of its usual 28 days).
6.The picture shows Volcano Eruption Lightning, it’s due to the electrification of rising ash particles by magma.
7.Wind is caused by air flowing from high pressure to low pressure.
8.It is because its short-wavelength colors (green, blue, violet) are scattered out by the Earth's atmosphere. Hence only the reds, yellows, and oranges get through the thick atmosphere to our eyes.
9.Earth’s magnetic north pole and geographic (true) north pole is not at the same location. Geographic north poles are determined by the earth's spin while Magnetic north pole is determined by the direction a compass points
The geographic (true) North Pole is located in the middle of the Arctic Ocean. The Magnetic North Pole (also known as the North Dip Pole) is a point on Ellesmere Island in Northern Canada where the northern lines of attraction enter the Earth.
10.No. Earth is an oblate spheroid in shape.